Central Serous Chorioretinopathy
What Is Central Serous Chorioretinopathy?
Central serous chorioretinopathy, abbreviated as CSR, is a condition in which fluid accumulates under the retina causing vision loss and/or distortion.
CSR most often occurs in young and middle-aged adults. For unknown reasons, men develop this condition more commonly than women. Vision loss is usually temporary but sometimes can become chronic or recur.
What Are the Symptoms of CSR?
Blurry central vision, which often occurs in one eye, is the most common symptom that patients experience; however, careful examination often reveals some involvement in the other eye as well.
Depending on the location and amount of sub-retinal fluid, CSR can show no symptoms, especially if the affected areas fall outside of the macula—the part of the retina used to distinguish fine detail for activities like reading and recognizing faces.
How Is CSR Treated?
Most cases of CSR clear up without treatment in several months. Patients with more severe leakage, visual loss or longer persistence of conditions may be helped by laser treatment to seal the leak.
Patients who are using steroid drugs should discontinue their use if medically feasible as it is believe steroid use of any kind can worsen the condition.